The topic of this page has a Wikia of its own: Survivor.

Jeff Probst

CBS "Survivor: Borneo" Summer 2000

CBS "Survivor: The Australian Outback" Spring 2001

CBS "Survivor: Africa" Fall 2001

CBS "Survivor: Marquesas" Spring 2002

CBS "Survivor: Thailand" Fall 2002

CBS "Survivor: The Amazon" Spring 2003

CBS "Survivor: Pearl Islands" Fall 2003

CBS "Survivor: All-Stars" Spring 2004

CBS "Survivor: Vanuatu" Fall 2004

CBS "Survivor: Palau" Spring 2005

CBS "Survivor: Guatemala" Fall 2005

CBS "Survivor: Panama--Exile Island" Spring 2006

CBS "Survivor: Cook Islands" Fall 2006

CBS "Survivor: Fiji" Spring 2007

CBS "Survivor: China" Fall 2007

CBS "Survivor: Micronesia--Fans vs Favorites" Spring 2008

CBS "Survivor: Gabon" Fall 2008

CBS "Survivor: Tocatins" Spring 2009

CBS "Survivor: Samoa" Fall 2009

CBS "Survivor: Heroes vs Villains" Spring 2010

CBS "Survivor: Nicaragua" Fall 2010

CBS "Survivor: Redemption Island" Spring 2011

CBS "Survivor: South Pacific" Fall 2011

CBS "Survivor: One World" Spring 2012

CBS "Survivor: Philippines" Fall 2012

CBS "Survivor: Caramoan" Spring 2013

CBS "Survivor: Blood vs. Water" Fall 2013

CBS "Survivor: Cagayan" Spring 2014

CBS "Survivor: San Juan Del Sur" Fall 2014

CBS "Survivor: Worlds Apart" Spring 2015

CBS "Survivor: Cambodia" Fall 2015

CBS "Survivor: Kaôh Rōng" Spring 2016

CBS "Survivor: Millennials vs. Gen X" Fall 2016

CBS "Survivor: Game Changers" Spring 2017

CBS "Survivor: Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers" Fall 2017

CBS "Survivor: Ghost Island" Spring 2018

CBS "Survivor: David vs. Goliath" Fall 2018

CBS "Survivor: TBA" Spring 2019

Mark Burnett Productions
Castaway Television Productions
Survivor Productions LLC
CBS Television Distribution

Survivor is a popular reality show on CBS where several people are taken to some remote part of the world and have to compete in a tribal style elimination match in order to win the title of "Survivor". The show is an adaptation of a Swedish TV show called Expedition Robinson.


Sixteen or more players are split between two or more "Tribes" are taken to a remote isolated location (usually in a tropical climate) and are forced to live off the land with meager supplies for 39 days (42 in The Australian Outback) frequent physical challenges are used to pit the teams against each other for rewards, such as food or luxuries or for "Immunity" forcing the other tribe to attend "Tribal Council" where they must vote off the players.

Once about half the players are remaining, the tribes are merged into a single tribe and competitions are on an individual basis; winning immunity prevents that player from being voted out. Most players that are voted out at this stage from the game's "jury". Once down to two or three people, a final tribal council is held where the remaining players plead their case to the jury members. The jury votes for which player should be considered the "Sole Survivor" and win the show's grand prize. In all seasons, this has included a $1,000,000 prize in addition to the sole survivor title; some seasons (particularly earlier seasons) have included additional prize such as a car. This became notorious for the "Survivor Curse" where any player who won or was given a car as a prize never went on to win the season. Beginning with All-Stars, an additional cash prize was given to the fan favorite of the season voted on by viewers, though it hasn't been done in any season since Caramoan.

A former concept before the final immunity challenge was the Rites of Passage where the castaways walk past the snuffed torches of their eliminated competitor, recite a few words about their memories of that person while the eliminated contestant would be heard speaking about their experience. The torches were then burned at the end of their walk out of respect. The concept has been no longer used following Caramoan.

Deadlocked votes (ties again after a revote) are broken several ways: Either by past votes, trivia, purple rock, unanimous decision and fire making.


Twists were incorporated into the game starting with Survivor: Africa, the first season to feature a tribe swap. The tribe swap would become a main twist in every season afterwards except for Thailand, Pearl Islands, Palau, Tocantins, Samoa, Heroes vs. Villains, Redemption Island and South Pacific. Variations of swaps/shuffles include a tribe absorption, which usually happens in seasons with three starting tribes where one tribe is removed from the game and its' members are distributed to the remaining tribes. Tribe swaps can be chaotic as they are capable of ruining any numbers advantage an alliance may have.

Thailand featured the twist of the "fake merge", where both tribes lived on the same beach but they did not merge until the final 8, making this the latest time for merge in Survivor history. Living on the same beach was a concept used once again in One World. Thailand also featured the mutiny, where one tribe member could take the offer and defect over to the rival tribe. It also appeared again in Cook Islands, where this time the offer was accepted by Candice Woodcock and Jonathan Penner.

Amazon featured the twist of men vs. women, where each tribe was comprised of the same gender until the swap. This twist was used again in Vanuatu, Panama: Exile Island and One World.

Pearl Islands featured the controversial Outcast twists where the first six castaways voted out formed a new tribe called The Outcasts. Any tribe that placed behind The Outcasts would go to Tribal and someone would be voted back in to replace them. Both Drake and Morgan lost, causing previously eliminated Burton Roberts and Lillian Morris to come back. Survivor: Redemption Island, Survivor: South Pacific and Survivor: Blood vs. Water are the only other seasons to feature eliminated players returning.

All-Stars saw 18 returning players from Borneo - Pearl Islands return to compete for another chance to win $1,000,000. Since then, returning players has becoming another recurring twist seen in Guatemala, Micronesia, Heroes vs. Villains, Redemption Island, South Pacific, Philippines, Caramoan, Blood vs. Water, Cambodia and Game Changers.

Palau was the first time where both tribes were not pre-determined and instead were chosen in a schoolyard pick. The woman and man that were not chosen were eliminated from the game. This is also the only season where the tribes did not merge due to the Ulong tribe's losing streak and its' only remaining castaway, Stephenie LaGrossa, being absorbed into Koror. The schoolyard pick returned in Gabon but did not result in a man and woman getting eliminated at the start. 

Guatemala introduced the Hidden Immunity Idol, which was used before the vote to make a player immune. The Hidden Immunity Idol has remained in Survivor since, undergoing new rules such as being played after votes are read to the now being played before Jeff reads the votes but after they are all cast. This season also saw Stephenie LaGrossa and Bobby Jon Drinkard, the final two castaways remaining on the decimated Ulong tribe from Palau, return for another chance to compete.

Panama divided the tribes up based on gender and ages: Older Men, Young Men, Older Women and Young Women. Dividing the tribes up based on age would be seen again in Nicaragua and Millennials vs. Gen-X. Panama also introduced the concept of Exile Island, an island where one losing contestant would be sent in hopes of finding the Hidden Immunity Idol.

Cook Islands had the most controversial tribe division as it divided the tribes by race: Caucasian, Hispanic, African-American and Asian. It is alleged that the twist was going to be revisited in the following season, Fiji, but was abandoned after a player pulled out before it could happen, making it the first season with an odd number of players at 19.

Micronesia featured the twist of fans vs. favorites, 10 returning players competing against fans of the series. It would be seen again in Caramoan.

Heroes vs. Villains featured returning players and divided them up based on whether they played as a hero or a villain in their seasons.

Redemption Island introduced the twist of Redemption Island, where eliminated castaways would compete in duels to return to the game. Redemption Island occurred right before the merge and when only four castaways were left in the game. It would be seen again in South Pacific and Blood vs. Water.

Philippines featured three returning players who had all been medically evacuated in their seasons: Michael Skupin, Jonathan Penner and Russell Swan.

Blood vs. Water featured the twist of returning players competing alongside their loved ones. Another twist was that if a person's loved one was voted out, that loved one could choose to step down and take their place at Redemption Island, keeping the voted out loved one in and they would take their place on the old tribe. Rupert Boneham was the only one to take the offer to swap. The Blood vs. Water twist, minus Redemption, would return in San Juan del Sur where during the pre-merge stage of the game, a loved one pair would compete against each other in reward challenges with the winning loved one getting reward for their tribe and the losing loved one being sent to Exile. 

Cagayan divided the tribes up based on three aspects in Survivor: Brains, Beauty and Brawn. It would be seen again in Kaôh Rōng, which also featured the twist of the Super Idol, where two castaways could combine their Hidden Immunity Idols to create a much more powerful idol. Kaoh Rong also featured the ability to remove a player from the jury.

World Apart divided the tribes up based on their social status: No Collar, White Collar and Blue Collar and also introduced the double vote, where a castaway could cast two votes at Tribal Council. The double vote returned in Game Changers and Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers

Cambodia saw returning players compete for another chance to win $1,000,000. The twist, however, was the 20 competing contestants were voted in the game by fans from a pre-selected roster and were all competing for a second chance in Survivor. It was the first season since Caramoan to feature returning players who had only competed one time prior and also to feature no previous winners in the roster. Another twist was the ability to steal someone's Tribal Council vote and cast it for anyone of their choosing. The vote steal returned in Game Changers

Millennials vs. Gen-X saw returning players divided up based on age as mentioned above with Gen-X (1963-1982) and Millennials (1984-1997). It also introduced the Legacy Advantage, which can be opened on Day 36 and given to any other castaway if the person voted out is holding it. The advantage returned in the following season, Game Changers. Another twist was the Reward Steal, where a player could steal the reward from a person who won it.

Game Changers saw returning players based on how much of an impact they made to change Survivor in their seasons. A twist seen early on in the game was the joint Tribal Council, where both tribes would go to Tribal Council and vote together on one castaway to leave.

Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers divided the tribes up based on their roles in society: Heroes that serve courageous and selfless duties, Healers who help others heal emotionally/physically and Hustlers, who are known for their work ethic and "get the job done" attitudes. A one-tribal only super Hidden Immunity Idol was hidden on the boat at the start of the game, with the ability to give it to a player on the losing tribe if the person who found it was part of the tribe who won the first Immunity Challenge. Another reward allowed for someone on a winning tribe to block another player's vote on the losing tribe. At the Final 4, the winner of the final Individual Immunity Challenge was given an advantage which was the ability to choose one player to join them in the Final 3 while the remaining two players competed for their spot in a fire-making challenge. As indicated by Jeff Probst, this twist at Final 4 will be implemented in following seasons.

Ghost Island is based on the concept of bad decisions by past players. The titular Ghost Island is filled with props based on the show, including said bad decisions, including idols and advantages. The purpose is to prevent a group of new players from repeating the decisions their predecessors made. Ghost Island is also notably the first season to feature a tied vote at the Final Tribal Council, between Wendell Holland and Domenick Abbate. Laurel Johnson, the only finalist to receive no votes, had to cast the deciding tie-breaking vote.


  • Borneo - Richard Hatch
  • The Australian Outback - Tina Wesson
  • Africa - Ethan Zohn
  • Marquesas - Vecepia Towery
  • Thailand - Brian Heidik
  • Amazon - Jenna Morasca
  • Pearl Islands - Sandra Diaz-Twine
  • All-Stars - Amber Brkich
  • Cook Islands - Yul Kwon
  • Fiji - Earl Cole
  • China - Todd Herzog
  • Micronesia: Fans vs. Favorites - Parvati Shallow
  • Gabon: Bob Crowley
  • Tocantins: James "J.T." Thomas, Jr.
  • Samoa: Natalie White
  • Heroes vs. Villains: Sandra Diaz-Twine
  • Nicaragua: Jud "Fabio" Birza
  • Redemption Island: "Boston" Rob Mariano
  • South Pacific: Sophie Clarke
  • One World: Kim Spradlin
  • Philippines: Denise Stapley
  • Caramoan: John Cochran
  • Blood vs. Water: Tyson Apostol
  • Cagayan: Tony Vlachos
  • San Juan del Sur: Natalie Anderson
  • Worlds Apart: Mike Holloway
  • Cambodia: Jeremy Collins
  • Kaôh Rōng: Michele Fitzgerald
  • Millennials vs. Gen X: Adam Klein
  • Game Changers: Sarah Lacina
  • Heroes vs. Healers vs. Hustlers: Ben Driebergen
  • Ghost Island: Wendell Holland
  • David vs. Goliath: TBD


Board Games based on the show have been released by Mattel in 2000 and Rumba Games in 2005.

Various DVD seasons have been released.

PC games based on the show were made by Infogrames and were released 2001 and 2002, respectively.

A theme park ride, Survivor: The Ride, was released at California's Great America in Santa Clara, California in 2006. Since 2011, it has been renamed Tiki Twirl.

Video Games for the Nintendo Wii and DS have been made by Valcon Games and were released in 2010.


TPIR Primetime Special (2016)Edit

On May 23, 2016, the series teamed up with The Price is Right as one of their "Primetime Specials" (as both are aired on CBS).

Jeff Probst on The Price Is Right


"Here we go. For reward/immunity, Survivors ready...GO!" - Jeff Probst (used in racing challenges)

"This challenge is on." - Jeff Probst (used in endurance challenges)

"Behind each of you is a torch. Grab a torch and approach the flame. Dip it in and get fire. This is part of the ritual at Tribal Council, because in this game, fire represents your life; when your fire's gone, so are you. - Jeff Probst (to a tribe who is visiting Tribal Council for the first time)

"(insert contestant) has immunity. You cannot vote for (insert contestant). Everyone else is fair game." - Jeff Probst (post-merge Tribal Councils)

"It is...time to vote. (insert contestant's name), you're up." - Jeff Probst (prior to voting at Tribal Council)

"I'll go tally the votes!"-Jeff Probst (when the contestants finish voting)

"If anyone has a hidden immunity idol and you'd like to play it, now would be the time to do so." - Jeff Probst (in regards to hidden immunity idols found by contestants)

"The rules of Survivor state that if a hidden immunity idol is played then any votes cast against that person will not count and the person with the next highest number of votes will be sent home." - Jeff Probst (explaining how the hidden immunity idols work)

"This is a hidden immunity idol. Any votes cast against (player) will not count." - Jeff Probst (confirming true idols)

"This is not a hidden immunity idol. Any votes cast against (player) will count." - Jeff Probst (confirming fake idols before throwing them into the fire)

"Once the votes are read, the decision is final; the person voted out will be asked to leave the tribal council area immediately. I'll read the votes." - Jeff Probst (prior to reading the votes)

"(insert contestant). Does not count." - Jeff Probst (nullifying the votes of a player who plays a hidden immunity idol)

"(insert number)nth person voted out of Survivor (insert season), (insert contestant). That's (minimum number of votes); that's enough. You need to bring me your torch." - Jeff Probst (to a player who has received enough votes to be voted out)

"(Insert contestant's name), the tribe has spoken. (snuffs out contestant's torch) Time for you to go!" - Jeff Probst (to the contestant voted out)

“Grab your stuff/torches, head back to camp. Good night!” - Jeff Probst


"Ancient Voices" by Russ Landau


Based on the Swedish reality series Expedition Robinson.


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